People with Disability Glossary
Here are some commonly used disability terms and acronyms for your reference.
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
Damage to the brain acquired after birth.
Parents (or families), organisations or volunteers working on behalf of the rights and interests of others (such as people with disabilities). Parents are often the best advocates for their children.
Generally refers to anyone with lower than average intellectual functioning. A person who has a cognitive disability has trouble performing mental tasks that the average person would be able to do. The term cognitive disability can be used to describe other various disabilities such as mental retardation, dyslexia, autism, and other learning disabilities. In simpler terms, a cognitive disability is a disability that adversely affects someone’s brain in such a way that it is harder for them to do normal tasks that average people can complete. The severity of the cognitive disability has an affect on how independently the person can function.
Disability Services Commission (DSC)
The State Government agency responsible for advancing opportunities, community participation and quality of life for people with disabilities. The Commission provides a range of direct services and support and also funds non-government agencies to provide services to people with disabilities, their families and carers.
Host families provide respite for people in a warm, friendly home environment and aims to include the person who is frail aged or people with a disability in family activities and as part of their family network.
Individualised Services is to support people on a one to one basis in the community and to provide opportunities for them to engage in real and ordinary lives. We assist people to find meaningful roles in their community and help them manage their funding to meet their identified needs wherever possible.
People with an intellectual disability have difficulties with thought processes, learning, communicating, remembering information and using it appropriately, making judgements, and problem solving.
Local Area Coordinator (LAC)
A person available through the Disability Services Commission who provides support and is focused on supporting families of and people with disabilities by providing information, planning for the future, advocacy and working to build inclusive communities.
Neurological disabilities are caused by damage to the nervous system (including the brain and spinal cord) that results in the loss of some bodily or mental functions. Heart attacks, infections, genetic disorders and lack of oxygen to the brain may also result in a neurological disability. People with a neurological condition may struggle to express themselves clearly, either, spoken, written or both.
Person-Centred Plan (PCP)
An individualised approach to ensuring a person with disability is supported by the disability services provider, family and friends to achieve their life goals and dreams.
Physical disabilities mean that the person has limited control of some or all of their voluntary muscles. Physical disabilities can vary widely, and are not just restricted to using a wheelchair or wearing a back brace. Some conditions appear invisible but result in a physical disability.
Positive Behaviour Support
Positive Behaviour Support is an evidence-based approach with a primary goal of increasing a person’s quality of life and a secondary goal of decreasing the frequency and severity of their challenging behaviours.
Post School Options
Provision of information and support to eligible school leavers who may be eligible for Alternatives to Employment support.
Respite (also known as short-term care) is the provision of short-term accommodation in a facility outside the home in which a loved one may be placed. This provides temporary relief to those who are caring for family members, who might otherwise require permanent placement in a facility outside the home.
Social Role Valorisation
Social Role Valorisation (SRV) is a set of approaches designed to enable devalued people in society to experience the Good Life. These approaches are best used by persons who clearly believe that devaluation of a party is wrong, and who are prepared to work to overcome this. SRV’s many strategies, derived from practical experience and from what research has revealed, is to help devalued people achieve valued social roles. It finds that this is the most powerful way to work against devaluation and its negative effects, and provides a wide variety of techniques and approaches for doing so.
24-hour care and accommodation in one of our comfortable homes for people with a disability.